Tectonic processes, landforms & hazards
In Iceland, visit a tectonic rift valley and the locations hit by eruptions of Eyjafjallajokull and Heimaey’s Eldfell, or in Sicily ascend Etna, Europe’s tallest active volcano, plus visit the eponymous island of Vulcano. The volcanic archipelago of the Azores features one of Europe’s finest visitor centres amid the lunar landscapes of Capelinhos volcano.
Weather processes & hazards
Compare hazard management between New York and Iceland, including paying visits to Manhattan’s evolving storm surge defences and Iceland’s Met Office.
Come face to face with the rapidly changing terminus of Franz Josef Glacier on New Zealand’s South Island or take a hike on Iceland’s Solheimajokull, where the impacts of climate change are clearly apparent in the glacial valley.
Investigate the ecosystems of endemic species unique to the Azores, or visit primary and secondary rainforest in Costa Rica to compare the complex ecosystems which support incredible biodiversity.
Coastal processes, landforms & management
On a trip to the Bay of Naples, encounter the spectacular caves, cliffs and arches of Capri and the Amalfi Coast by road or by boat. In contrast, France’s Camargue is the EU’s largest river delta, with an array of marshes, lagoons and sand dunes.
Water & river processes, landforms & management
Explore a river gorge from within by trekking or tubing down the Alcantara River in Sicily, or witness the most spectacular upper course features in Norway such as the 182m cascade of Voringsfossen or the four waterfalls of the Husedalen trail.
Glacial processes, landforms & management
In Iceland, traverse the pro-glacial environment of Europe’s second largest glacier, Langjokull by 8-wheel-drive vehicle, before exploring the man-made tunnels inside the ice on the ‘Into the Glacier’ tour. In Norway, take a fjord cruise or canoe excursion amid impressive postglacial landscapes.
Urban change & growth
Take in the sights of stunning modern Shanghai to provide a spectacular case study of NEE city structure, growth and function, including a visit to the Urban Planning Exhibition Center. In contrast, visit the former site of New York’s World Trade Center as an emotive example of regeneration and rebranding.
Development & inequality
Visit a Berber village in Morocco to understand the challenges they face and discover the projects that offer opportunities and support. In Marrakech, compare and contrast quality of life amid the vibrant ancient city.
Naples in Italy exuberantly brings to life the challenges of changing economic function and employment. Morocco offers a case study of an emerging economy; judge economic, social and environmental for yourself in vibrant Marrakech.
Global systems & global governance
Encounter first hand the Antarctic environment, threatened by human exploitation but protected by global governance, or bring globalisation to life by visiting the trade-hub megacities of Chengdu and Chongqing in China.
In the Bay of Naples, take time for tours and tasting of local produce at mozzarella farms, citrus groves and vineyards, or feed the salmon in a spectacular setting at a floating farm in Norway’s Hardangerfjord, where your guide will explain how food production is balanced with environmental stewardship.
Take a 4-night cruise along the Yangtze River, rising through the ship locks of the Three Gorges Dam before visiting settlements for which the project has been both a curse and a blessing. Alternatively, compare ancient and modern irrigation systems in the Moroccan desert.
Evaluate characteristics and impacts of geothermal and hydro power stations, such as the stunning but controversial Karahnjukar in east Iceland or Cachi in Costa Rica. Take a forest trek in the Azores to follow the development of HEP and geothermal power within the space of a couple of miles.
Place studies; fieldwork, numerical & cartographic skills
A range of tutor-led and independent Geography fieldwork opportunities are available in Costa Rica, Iceland, Morocco and France.