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20th Century History Trip to Rome


4 days from £540pp

Based on 40 students travelling with 4 teachers (free places)

All around the vibrant city of Rome, your students will see evidence of its turbulent past. And for those studying the rise and fall of Mussolini and Fascist party, the effects of that time are imprinted on the city. As you move around Rome you will identify fascist architecture, visit key sites lifted straight from your textbooks and develop your understanding of this key era in Italy’s history and how it has left a lasting impact on the locals.

With stops including Colosseo Quadrato, Circeo National Park, the Museum of the Liberation of Rome and so much more, students will immerse themselves in the history and culture of Rome in a truly inspirational trip for history students.

Like all our trips, we are able to provide fully bespoke school trips. This means that you can combine this itinerary with any of our other trips or design an itinerary that is fully unique to your school and students.

What's included

  • Return flights to Rome from Gatwick
  • Hold luggage for all passengers
  • 3 nights' accommodation
  • Half board basis (breakfast and evening meals)
  • Guide and/or tour assistant where specified
  • All activities mentioned in the itinerary
  • Cost of covid testing that may be required to fulfil the trip
  • Our Covid Money-Back Assurance
Day 1

Free time in Rome

Upon arriving in Rome you will immediately get your first taste of the architecture and vibrant mix of culture that makes Rome the iconic urban metropolis it is known for being. You will have free time to get to know the city and perhaps see some of the iconic key sites of Rome.

After some time exploring the city, you will get your first taste of that tasty Italian cuisine before a good night sleep ready for your first full day in Rome.

Day 2

Mussolini‘s fascist vision

Day 2 begins in the EUR district, which is renowned for Fascist-era architecture. This area was initially dreamt up by Mussolini in the 1930s to celebrate 20 years of fascism by opening a grand new city centre. Now, 20th century history and modern Roman life perfectly combine as alongside the buildings and statues of Mussolini’s imagination and artwork honouring the fascists even after their fall, is a range of high-end restaurants, the headquarters of Italian fashion house Fendi and even a filming location for some of Hollywood’s biggest blockbusters.

One of the star attractions of the district is Colosseo Quadrato, or Square Colosseum. Students will be in awe of this modern building, which is a masterpiece of rationalist architecture with its rows of 216 arches. The building was completed in 1943, just before the fall of the fascist party. For most of its history the building stood unoccupied. Today, the building is the headquarters of Fendi and regularly hosts contemporary art exhibitions.

Next you will visit Foro Italico, the renowned sports complex. Built between 1928 and 1938 as the Foro Mussolini (which literally means Mussolini’s Forum), was intended to be the jewel in fascist Italy’s bid to host the Summer Olympic Games of 1940 in Rome. This vision wouldn’t be carried out until 1960, when Rome really did host the Olympics. Nowadays Foro Italico has not lost any of its draw, as it now hosts the Italian Open and Italy national rugby union team.

Here, students will also find Mussolini Obelisk. This huge marble structure is not only monumental for its height and weight, it is also the only public commemoration to Mussolini, as when after the Second World War, all memorabilia to Mussolini were removed, it was impossible to delete the writings on the 36M high memorial.

The final stop of the EUR District, is another icon of the Fascist era, the Basilica of St Peter & Paul. Originally created for the World Exhibition (that never happened), building started in 1939, but quickly halted because of the war and was not completed until 1955 and became a parish church three years later.

After a busy day, immersing yourself in the Fascist vision of the EUR District, you will have a chance to enjoy some delicious Italian cuisine!

Day 3

Circeo National Park

Founded in 1934, Circeo National Park was established by order of Mussolini, to preserve the last area of Pontine Marshes which were being reclaimed during this period. Led by the fascist government, the marshlands were drained and cleared to settle hundreds of families.

Students will learn all about the reclaim of the marshlands in the Piana delle Orme land reclamation and agriculture museum in the park. At the museum, the recreation of the building and vehicles really set the scene and help to immerse students in their learnings.

One of the outcomes of this marshland being drained was that agriculture now thrives in the area. You will see this first hand at the Casearia Bianca buffalo dairy farm and vineyard tour where you will stop for lunch.

Next, students will get a chance to explore the sandy dunes of the Circeo Beaches, before heading to the coastal town of Sabaudia, a live example of one of the towns built on the reclaimed marshland, just an hour and a half south of Rome. The town features plenty of fascist architecture for students to explore.

It is time for your last taste of a beautiful Italian dinner head of your final day in Rome.

Day 4

Museum of the Liberation of Rome

After a few days getting to really understand the fascist vision, it is time to see what came next by visiting the Museum of the Liberation of Rome.

That said, the building the museum stands in is also steeped in history. Previously home to the German Embassy’s Cultural Office, the German link does not stop there. In the first half of 1944 the SS used the building to torture members of the Italian Resistance. On 4 June 1944, the day of the Liberation of Rome, the population entered the building and freed the prisoners who remained.

Now, the museum remembers and educates on, not only the turbulent history of the building itself, but also the second world war, fascist rule and the effect on the Roman people.

Bid farewell to Rome as you are transferred for your flight home.

Trip Notes:

This itinerary is based on a group size of 40 students and 4 teachers travelling in February 2023. If you are interested in designing an itinerary for a different time of year and different group size, simply get in touch with our Rome experts. Remember for any of our Italy itineraries, you have the option to make them multi-centre e.g. adding a few days in Naples at the end of your Rome itinerary.
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